Mom was right—eating breakfast really is important.
Without it, kids may not get recommended amounts of nutrients, British researchers suggest.
“This study provides evidence that breakfast is key for parents to ensure that their children are getting the nutrition they need,” said senior study author Gerda Pot, a lecturer in nutritional sciences at King’s College London.
The researchers used food diaries to track the diets of more than 800 children aged 4 to 10 and nearly 900 kids aged 11 to 18. Their food intake was tracked from 2008 to 2012. The researchers compared levels of key nutrients that the kids ate to British nutrition guidelines
For the study, breakfast was defined as more than 100 calories of food between 6 and 9 a.m. Although the study wasn’t designed to prove a cause-and-effect relationship, the researchers did find that breakfast skippers had lower levels of nutrients such as folate, calcium, iron and iodine.
For example, nearly a third of those who skipped breakfast didn’t meet the minimum recommended intake of iron, compared to about 4 percent of those who ate breakfast. Almost 20 percent of breakfast skippers didn’t meet calcium guidelines, compared to 3 percent of those who had breakfast.
The researchers found that about 7 percent of 4-to 10-year-olds missed breakfast every day, compared to more than a quarter of the older kids. The researchers suspect this difference is because parents have more say in what the younger kids are eating.
“Further studies that investigate specific foods and dietary quality would help to identify if the differences are due to the different types of breakfast being eaten by different age groups, as well as provide more insight into the impact of breakfast on dietary quality overall,” Pot said in a King’s College news release.
The study was published in the British Journal of Nutrition.